This is a strict set of rules, obligations and guidelines set up by a supreme controlling authority to ensure equality among people and also to restrict behavior. The authority also ensures that they are followed, failure to which action is taken against the person who breaks them. Laws that guide a country or state are enforced by the legislature and are also influenced by the constitution. The presentation of law is actually classified into two categories; one is the criminal law and the other one is the civil law.
Criminal law mainly focuses on the behavior of the people ensuring there is social order. Violation of this law leads to the arrest of the culprit and if they are found guilty they may be imprisoned or fined or both. Civil law on the other hand focuses on the resolution of misunderstandings between individuals or organizations. The people who are arrested for violating the law are taken to a court of law, where a judge or judges listen to their case and then make a judgement. Some courts also include jury members who on behalf of the court make the judgement.
There are also medical laws which when violated lead to the prosecution of the medical practitioners involved. Medical malpractice laws are used to govern against negligence performed by doctors or surgeons against the patients. There is also personal injury law, this is very vast but involves injury to a person which is caused by the negligence of another person. Some of the personal injuries whereby lawsuits have been filed are slip and fall injuries, head injuries, soft tissue damages and also broken bones injuries. Check out http://www.ehow.com/list_6511480_top-10-reasons-become-lawyer.html to learn more about lawyers.
Slip and fall injuries are when someone actually slips and falls injuring themselves. The cause of the slip which may include a wet floor not well dried by the cleaners. Another cause of slip and fall injury case is snow and ice. Head injuries may occur due to motor vehicle accidents, slip and fall injuries can also cause head injuries. They may also be caused when something falls out of place and hits someone's head or maybe a misplaced shelf.
There are millions of lawyers at http://www.bordaslaw.com/emergency-room-errors who practice different laws and a good example of a firm that deals with personal injury lawsuits is the Bordas and Bordas law firm.
Bordas and Bordas law firm at http://www.bordaslaw.com/is based in Wheeling, West Virginia. Lastly whether you are filing a criminal, civil or even medical lawsuit you always need to hire a professional lawyer or law firm to represent you in court.